Photo by Birgitte BartlettPhoto by Birgitte BartlettPhoto by Birgitte BartlettPhoto by Birgitte BartlettPhoto by Birgitte BartlettPhoto by Birgitte BartlettPhoto by Birgitte BartlettPhoto by Birgitte BartlettPhoto by Birgitte Bartlett

Photo by Birgitte Bartlett

Photo by Birgitte Bartlett

Photo by Birgitte Bartlett

Photo by Birgitte Bartlett

Photo by Birgitte Bartlett

Photo by Birgitte Bartlett

Photo by Birgitte Bartlett

Photo by Birgitte Bartlett

Photo by Birgitte Bartlett

Booklet 9 -Subsurface

Subsurface Resources or underground resources unclude anything below the surface of the ground, such as minerals and metals and also fuels like oil and gas. Subsurface resources in BC are owned by the Province. Property owners in BC do not own the resources that are under the land they own, their land title does not include anything underground once the Final Agreement is in effect, our land title will include the underground resources and they will no longer be owned by BC or Canada.

On Kitsumkalum Lands, we will own and control all the resources under the land. As owner of subsurface resources, our government will have authority to issue tenures and set fees, rents, royalties and other charges, for exploration, development, extraction and production of our underground resources. 
Kitsumkalum may want to develop our underground resources or we may allow companies to explore or develop the resources.  

All of the tenures to Subsurface Resources that existed before the Agreement in Principle was signed will continue. All of these tenures will be listed in the Final Agreement. For these continuing tenures, the BC system will continue to apply. Any royalties or revenues that BC recieves in regard to these tenures will be paid to us by BC. If any of these owners later lose or forfeit their tenure, those subsurface rights will belong to us. 

Law Making

Our law making authority for Subsurface Resources is included in the Treaty Settlement Lands Chapter. A Kitsumkalum Lands Act may include law related to subsurface resources and can:

  • Establish a method of issuing interests or tenures for underground resources
  • Create a system for registering interests, including underground interests, or create a method to use the existing Provincial Land Title System 
  • Charge fees, royalties, and other charges related to underground resources

Administration and Policy

We will have a staff that will administer the Kitsumkalum Lands Act, including laws related to subsurface resources. To do this effectively, our government will need to develop policies based on the Act to guide administration staff when issuing and registering, and charging fees or collecting royalties.