Photo by Birgitte BartlettPhoto by Birgitte BartlettPhoto by Birgitte BartlettPhoto by Birgitte BartlettPhoto by Birgitte BartlettPhoto by Birgitte BartlettPhoto by Birgitte BartlettPhoto by Birgitte BartlettPhoto by Birgitte Bartlett

Photo by Birgitte Bartlett

Photo by Birgitte Bartlett

Photo by Birgitte Bartlett

Photo by Birgitte Bartlett

Photo by Birgitte Bartlett

Photo by Birgitte Bartlett

Photo by Birgitte Bartlett

Photo by Birgitte Bartlett

Photo by Birgitte Bartlett

Booklet 11 -Culture and Heritage

The Kitsumkalum Final Agreement confirms and defines our right to practice our culture and speak our Sm'algyax language. It provides Kitsumkalum law-making ability in regard to cultural objects and sacred sites. This chapter will also negotiate return of a number Kitsumkalum artifacts that are being held by Canada and BC to Kitsumkalum and give Kitsumkalum access to other artifacts.

The Kitsumkalum Final Agreemtn outlines how Kitsumklaum artifacts held at the National Museum of History in Ottawa, Parks Canada and the Royal British Columbia Museum will be returned and protected by Kitsumkalum Law. We are carrying out ongoing research of other collections to see if our artifacts are held in other museums. 
The Kitsumkalum Final Agreement will identify Hisotoric Sites and Kitsumkalum Place Names, and they will be recognized on all maps with the Sm'algyax spelling. An example of this is the way that Nisga'a place names are recognized on signs today.

Place Names will be discussed in detail in another booklet.

The purpose of a Kitsumkalum law related to culture and heritage on Kitsumkalum Lands is for conservation, protection, and management of Heritage Sites and artifacts.

A Kitsumkalum law on culture and heritage will include:

  • public access to Kitsumkalum Heritage Sites for Kitsumkalum members for the general public
  • standards for the care, conversation and preservation of Kitsumkalum Heritage Sites.
  • the loan of Kitsumkalum artifacts to museums
  • the method of conserving and protecting sites, artifacts, and any archaeological human remains and archaeological, archival and ethnographic artifacts found in the future

 Administration and Policy

The Kitsumkalum administration will administer laws regarding the conservation, protection and management of Historic Sites and Kitsumkalum artifacts. To do this effectively, policies will need to be developed to guide this administration. These policies will outline ways that artifacts will be protected. They may also outline the responsibilities of the Kitsumkalum administration to monitor compliance with Kitsumkalum laws.

The Kitsumkalum administration will need to have a person responsible for requests, issuing documentation wehn needed (e.g. when artifacts are found),  and monitoring compliance of laws (e.g. a Historic Site Monitor). In addition, the administration may develop management plans for Historic Sites, and the conservation of artifacts (both already identified, and any identified in the future). 

Current Practive & After Final Agreement